Lack of Transparency and Freedom of Information in Pakistan: An analysis of government’s functioning and realistic policy options for reform
1.2. Policy problem;
1.4. Limitations of the policy paper;
1.5. Structure of policy paper.
2. State of Transparency and Access to Information
2.1. Proactive disclosure;
2.2. Role of media;
2.3. Citizens direct access to information;
2.4. Open governance.
3. Cost of Lack of Transparency and Access to Information
3.1. Violation of a recognized human right;
3.2. Limited access of media to information for reporting and investigative journalism;
3.3. Corruption and inefficiencies in public organizations remain hidden from public view and scruitiny;
3.4. Uninformed citizens – unprepared to make informed choices in market or political life;
3.5. Limited possibilities for democratice accountability;
3.6. Restricted space for public participation in policy making;
3.7. Citizens effectively excluded from participation in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating development projects;
3.8. Non-responsive governance;
3.9. Difficulties faced by government officials in their routine work.
4. Factors Obstructing Transparency and Access to Information
4.1. Inefficient maintenance/ non-indexation of public records;
4.2. Lack of computerization / networking in public departments;
4.3. Weak legal and institutional framework;
4.4. Obstructuctive procedures;
4.5. Attitudes that promote secrecy and obstruct citizens’ access to information;
4.6. Citizens’ demand for transparency and access to information not very well-articulated;
4.7. Weak civil society initiatives for transparency and access to information.
5. Policy Options
5.1. Available policy options;
5.2. Cost / benefit analysis of available policy options;
5.3. Most viable options.
6. Conclusions and Recommendations