Russian Outpost or Window on Europe?
A Region in Transition: From Past to Present
Why does the Kaliningrad problem remain unsolved and why is it
important to solve it?
The Kaliningrad Problem in the Domestic Policy Context
Russia-Europe Collaborative Experience on Kaliningrad: an Institutional
Thinking About the Future of Kaliningrad
study aims at the search of ways and means to solve the Kaliningrad
problem that emerged after the breakdown of the Soviet Union and
in the context of EU enlargement. The paper recommends developing
a clear and coherent Russian strategy on the Kaliningrad issue that
should be based on providing the Kaliningrad Region with a special
legal status and broader foreign policy and economic powers. The
author also suggests to conclude a EU-Russia biding agreement on
Kaliningrad that could solve the most important problems related
to Kaliningrad's sovereignty, elimination of trade barriers, development
of energy and transport infrastructure, freedom of movement of goods
and people, fighting organized crime, environment degradation and
mass diseases. The paper concludes that Kaliningrad could be successfully
integrated into 'Big Europe' through a series of consecutive and
mutually reinforcing measures - economic (first of all, by implementing
the EU-Russia Common European Economic Space initiative and then
by creating a Free Trade Area), social and cultural - and could
become a 'meeting place' for different civilizations and cultures.