2004- July 1,
During the IPF internship, which
covers the period of March of 2004 to July 2005, the following
undertaken in the following area:
- Academic policy
- Interviews and
- Meeting with
officials, politician, financial
institutions and other
Academic Policy Research.
research is important part of the fellowship. In accordance with the
Work Plan the following activities were conducted: analyzing land
and its development; analysis of a rural area and collecting all needed
and economic data; undertaking a study of academic literature and
Analyzing Land Legislation.
The title of the research project is stipulated
the necessity to get understanding the legal framework of land reforms
therefore there was need to undertake a comprehensive analysis of the
legislative acts, that ground land relations in Kazakhstan.
The considerable numbers of legislative acts
were scrutinized and analyzed. This included such the basic legislative
land relation such as: the Land Code of 1990, the Land Code of 2003,
Constitution of Kazakhstan, the Law of Kazakh Soviet Republic ”On
Farm”, Presidential Decree “On Same Issues of Land Relation”,
Decree” On Further Improvement of Land Relation”, the Law of Kazakhstan
Land” of 1995, the Law of Kazakhstan “
On Land” of 2001, the Law “On Prioritised Development of Auls, Villages
Agriculture” of 1991, the Presidential Decree “ Concerning the
Sovkhozes Property Part to Director Ownership” and other Presidential
and Government Resolutions.
The conducted analysis of legal acts and
documents was introduced in first chapter of the research paper “Land
Legislation Development in Kazakhstan”. This analysis of
legal acts allowed describing
the land legislation development and defining of main stages of the
in Kazakhstan for last 14 years. Also, this analysis of
legal documents contributed to get a whole picture of conducted farm
privatisation and agrarian reform in Kazakhstan.
The analysis of current legislation defined the
weaknesses and deficiencies, which may have negative implication for
residents. This finding together with concept of the land reform was
incorporated in third chapter “Implementation of Land Reform”. Some
on land reform, which was prepared by Research Centre under
Administration under assistance German Society on Technical Cooperation
relevant state agencies such the Ministry of Agriculture, Agency on
Management were studied very carefully in order to get comprehensive
understanding recent land reform.
1.2 Analysis of Rural Area
and Collecting Social and Economic Data.
analysis is intended to determine the current status of a rural area
identify the main issues for rural areas thus far. The majority of
economic data were collected from official statistical publications.
results of this data analysis were described in chapter two of the
order to identify main issues for rural areas and the following data
- Data, related to farmland
such as arable land,
irrigated land, land
- Data on agricultural
production and state financing
- Data on poverty issues,
earning income of
agricultural workers and
comparison with wages of other
The demographic profile of rural residents was
determined on the basis of the official statistical data. Also, some data on poverty issues and result
of sociological survey were utilized in this paper and it is presented
1.3 Academic Literature
and Publication Study.
A number of academic works and publication have
been studied during period of reporting. The reports of international
institutions such ADB and WB on the agricultural issues in Kazakhstan and other Central Asia Republic were studied in getting some ideas
about the nature and concepts of conducted reforms. Publications of
other international and state agencies allowed to comprehending the
in rural Kazakhstan. Besides, the academic works of
some local scholars helped me to enlarge my knowledge regarding the
legislation and land relations in Kazakhstan.
and Field Work
The two surveys were conducted
in Atbasar raion
of Akmola oblast in Novo-Marinovki and Yaroslavki rural administrative
(county) and the latter comprises three villages. During the field work
were conducted with heads of this rural administrative unit, relevant
local state agencies and representative
of non-governmental organizations and they are presented below:
- The Chairman and Deputy
Chairman of Atbasar
on Land Management (Mr.
and Mr. Shaimerden)
- The Head of Atbasar
of Agriculture ( Mr.
- The Akims
Administrative Units ( Ms.Valitova
Svetlana, Mr. Tehnenko Vladimir, Ms. Elizaveta Rudkovskaya)
- The Chairman and Chief Accountant of
Atbasar Farm Association (Mr. Anatoli Volkov and Ms.Tamara
- The Head of General Department of
Atbasar Raion Administration ( Ms.Sholpan Sadykova)
Also, the meeting was conducted with owners of
land shares, head of peasant farms and director of agricultural
enterprises and they are presented below:
- The owner
and director of agricultural enterprise "Elena" Ltd ( Mr. Vladimir
- The owner
and director of agricultural enterprise "Abilai Khan -Sadybek" (Mr.
- The director
of trading company "Idrisov and Co" ( Mr. Amangeldi Idrisov).
- The owner and
director of agriulctural enterprise "Karazhar 2004" ( Mr. Sultan
Two surveys were conducted among rural residents
of these rural
units. First survey was directed to rural residents and heads of
farm and director of agricultural enterprises were asked and other
residents were selected randomly.
respondents on second survey were owners of a
conditional land share
on the same principle.
Meeting with Officials, Politician, Financial
Institutions and Other Donors
3.1. Meeting with the
representative of the Kazakh state bodies and political parties.
Several meeting were conducted with Kazakh officials in order
to get their opinion on land reform, particular
private ownership on the agricultural land. These
people are politicians,
scholars, land relation specialists
and government officials in the following institutions, public
and state bodies:
- Ministry of Agriculture
(vice –minister Ms. Liliya Mysina)
- State Committee on Land
Management (chairman Mr.
- Institute for
Agro-Industrial Economic and Rural
(Dr. Vladimir Grigoruk)
- Agrarian Party (deputy
head of agrarian party Mr. Nurlan Ramazanov )
- Peasant Social
Democratic Party (chairman Dr. Gani
- Agricultural Credit
Corporation (chairman - Mr. Askarbek
- Joint Stock Company
KazAgroFinance (chairman -
Mr.Ibragim Tagashev )
- National Federation of
Farmers of Kazakhstan (Mr. Vladimir
- Deputy of Parliament, member of polytical party
"Asar" ( Ms. Svetlana Dzhalmaganbetova)
3.2. Meeting with
Financial Institutions and Other Donors
The meeting with international financial institutions and international
agencies were carried out with their representatives during the
research and they are presented below.
Asian Development Bank (economist Ms. Aliay Muhamedyarova)
World Bank (senior economist Mr. Maurisio Guadanio)
Islamic Development Bank (project economist Mr. Rustmem Ishanaliev)
project under USAID (lawyers Mrs. Tatyana Beloglazova and Ms. Tatyana