Mr. JAMES GILMORE MANOR


                                     University of Sussex

                                     Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RE


                                     Tel:         (01273) 678681/606261    

                                     Fax:        (01273) 621202/691647


DATE OF BIRTH           21 April 1945

NATIONALITY               American

EDUCATION                 BA, Yale University, 1967; DPhil, University of Sussex, 1975


Until June 2002              Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C., USA

Since 1987                    Professorial Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, England (and Head of Research, 1988-1992)


1993 - 1997                   Director, Institute of Commonwealth Studies and Professor of Commonwealth Politics, University of London (half-time), (and founding Head of Research, School of Advanced Studies, and University of London)

1985-1987                     Visiting Professor of Government, Harvard University

1982                             Research Fellow, Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1979-1980                     Senior Research Fellow, US National Endowment for the Humanities

1976-1985                     Lecturer in Politics, University of Leicester

1975-1976                     Assistant Professor of History, Yale University

1974                             Senior Research Fellow, Australian National University

1973-1975                     Tutor in South Asian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London


1980-1988                     Editor, Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics


1999                 The Political Economy of Democratic Decentralization, Washington, World Bank.

1998                 Democracy and Decentralization in South Asia and West Africa:  Participation, Accountability and Performance, (with Richard Crook), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

1994                 Nehru to the Nineties:  The Changing Office of Prime Minister in India, (ed.), London, Vancouver and New Delhi, Penguin/Hurst.

1993                 Power, Poverty and Poison:  Disaster and Response in an Indian City, London, New Delhi and Newbury Park, CA, Sage.

1991                 States or Markets?  Neo-liberalism and the Development Policy Debate (ed. with Christopher Colclough), Oxford, Oxford University Press.

1991                 Rethinking Third World Politics, (ed.), London and New York, Longmans.

1989                 The Expedient Utopian:  Bandaranaike and Ceylon, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

1984                 Sri Lanka in Change and Crisis, (ed.), London, New York and Sydney.

1983                 Transfer and Transformation: Political Institutions in the New Commonwealth (with P. Lyon (eds.), Leicester and Salem, NH.

1977                 Political Change in an Indian State:  Mysore, 1917-1955, Canberra, New Delhi and Columbia, MO.



2000                 Democratic Decentralization (with Richard Crook), OED Working Paper No. 11, the World Bank, Washington

1998                 * A Promessa e as Limitações da Descentralização, Maputo, Ministry of State Administration

1996                 * ‘La Descentralizacion, Su Alcance Y Sus Limitaciones’ in Ministerio de Agricultura Y Desarrollo Rural, Republica de Colombia, Descentralizacion en el Agro (Bogota), pp.83-134

1991                 Enhancing Participation and Institutional Performance:  Democratic Decentralization in South Asia and West Africa (with Richard Crook), Overseas Development Administration, UK

1990                 Organizing Development Research, Report to the Netherlands Government, The Hague

1988                 Collective Conflict in India, International Institute of Strategic Studies, London


        These two publications are translations of large portions of the first book in the list  above.



2001                 ‘Madhya Pradesh Experiments with Direct Democracy’, Economic and Political Weekly, 3 March

2000                 'Small-Time Political Fixers in Indian States: "Towel over Armpit"', Asian Survey (September-October)

1999                 ‘Elite Perceptions of Poverty: South Africa’ (with Noushin Kalati), IDS Bulletin, April 1998 ‘Southern Discomfort: The BJP in Karnataka’ in T.B. Hansen and C. Jaffrelot (eds.) The BJP and the Compulsions of Politics in India, (Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1998), pp.163-202.

1998                 ‘Democratization and the Developmental State: The Search for Balance’ in M. Robinson and G. White (eds.) The Democratic Developmental State: Politics and Institutional Design, (Oxford, Oxford University Press), pp.125-49

1998                                  ‘Making Federalism Work’, Journal of Democracy, July, pp.21-35.

1998                 ‘Taking India Seriously’ (with Gerald Segal), Survival (summer) pp.53-70

1997                                  ‘Recent Trends in the Study of State-Society Relations’ in M.H. Hawsen and A.E. Ruud (eds.) Weak? Strong? Civil? Embedded?  New Perspectives on State-Society Relations in the Non-Western World, Oslo

1996                                  ‘L’Inde, Une Démocratic en Difficulté’ in J.-F. Bayart (ed.), La greffe de l’Etat, Paris

1996                 ‘Understanding Deve Gowda’, Economic and Political Weekly, (Bombay), 28 September

1996                 ‘Political leadership:  India's chief ministers’ in P. Oldenburg (ed.), India Briefing, 1995, New York

1996                 ‘Potential and criterion for target areas:  an assessment of Indian conditions’ in The Indo-Swedish Development Cooperation Programme, Sharing Challenges, and Stockholm:  Ministry for Foreign Affairs, pp 128-160.

1996                                  ‘“Ethnicity” and politics in India’, International Affairs, 72 (3):  459-75, July

1995                                   ‘Democratic Decentralization in Africa and Asia’, IDS Bulletin (April). 

1995                 ‘Still a Marginal Force: The Bharatiya Janata Party in Karnataka’ in G.K. Prasad, D. Jeevan Kumar and K.C. Suri (eds.) The Angry Voter: Assembly Elections in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka (Madras, 1995) pp.168-82

1995                 ‘Regional parties in federal systems:  India in comparative perspective’ in B. Arora and D.V. Verney (eds.), Multiple Identities in a Single State:  Indian Federalism in Comparative Perspective, New Delhi:  Konark Publishers, pp 107-135

1994                 ‘Organizational weakness and Sinhalese Buddhist extremism’ in M. Marty and S. Appleby (eds.), Accounting for Fundamentalisms, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, pp.770-84

1994                 ‘Political regeneration in India’ in A. Nandy and D.L. Sheth (eds.), The Multiverse of Democracy: Essays in Honor of Rajui Kothari, New York and New Delhi, Sage, pp.230-41.

1994                 ‘The political sustainability of economic liberalization in India’ in R. Cassen and V. Joshi (eds.), India: The Future of Economic Reform, Delhi, Oxford University Press, pp.339-64

1994                 ‘The role of regional parties in federal systems:  India in comparative perspective’ in D.V. Verney (ed.), Comparing Federal Systems, Philadelphia

1994                 ‘India’ in W.P. Shively (ed.), Comparative Governance, New York and London (revised, 2000)

1993                 ‘Panchayati Raj and early warnings of disasters’, Economic and Political Weekly, 22 May, pp 1019-20

1993                 ‘Innovative leadership in modern India:  M.K. Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi’ in G. Sheffer (ed.), Innovative Leaders in International Politics, Albany

1992                 ‘The BJP in South India:  the 1991 general election’, Economic and Political Weekly, 13-20 June, pp 1267-73

1992                 ‘India’ in D. Butler and A. Ranney (eds.), Electioneering, Oxford

1990                 ‘India - government and politics’, Collier's Encyclopedia, New York

1990                 ‘India - history since independence’, Collier's Encyclopedia, New York

1990                 ‘How and why liberal and representative politics emerged in India’, Political Studies, March

1990                 ‘Sri Lanka’ in R.H. Taylor (ed.), Asia Handbook, New York

1989                 ‘India:  state and society diverge’, Current History, December

1988                 ‘Setting a precedent by breaking a precedent:  Lord Soulbury in Ceylon, 1952’ in D.A. Low (ed.), Constitutional Heads and Political Crises:  Commonwealth Episodes, 1945-85, London

1988                 ‘Seeking greater power and constitutional change:  India's president and the parliamentary crisis of 1979’ in ibid.

1988                 ‘Politics:  disillusionment, ambiguity and ferment’ in M.L. Bouton (ed.), India Briefing, 1988, New York

1988                 ‘India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan’, Strategic Survey, 1987-1988, London:  International Institute for Strategic Studies

1988                 ‘Le conseguenze economiche di Mr. Gandhi:  storia di una liberalizzazione mancata’, Relazioni Internazionali, Gennaio

1988                 ‘Karnataka:  caste, class, dominance and politics in a cohesive society’ in F. Frankel and M.S.A. Rao (eds.), Dominance and State Power in Modern India, 1, New Delhi

1988                 ‘Parties and the party system’ in A. Kohli (ed.), India's Democracy, Princeton

1987                 ‘Tried, then abandoned:  economic liberalization in India’, IDS Bulletin, October

1987                 ‘Appearance and reality in Indian politics:  the 1984 election in the south’ in P.R. Brass (ed.), The Indian National Congress and Indian Society, Delhi

1986                 ‘India:  impediments to reinstitutionalisation and reform’, Current History, March

1986                 ‘The indigenous origins of political change:  the case of Sri Lanka’ (with G. Segal), Asian Survey, January

1985                 ‘The Indian general election of 1984’, Electoral Studies, August

1985                 ‘Political studies of South India’ in R.E. Frykenberg and P. Kolenda (eds.), South Indian Studies, Madison and New Delhi

1985                 ‘Sri Lanka’ (with J. Bara) in I. Budge (ed.), Party Platforms and Manifestoes:  A Cross-National Analysis, Beverly Hills and London

1984                 ‘Blurring the lines between parties and social bases:  the emergence of a Janata government in Karnataka’ in J.R. Wood (ed.), State Politics in Contemporary India, Boulder; reprinted in Economic and Political Weekly, 21 August

1983                 ‘Where now for American political science?’, Times Higher Education Supplement, 19 April; reprinted in the Bulletin of the Australian Political Studies Association, July

1983                 ‘Anomie in Indian politics’, Economic and Political Weekly, annual number

1982                 ‘The dynamics of political integration and disintegration’ in D. Dalton and A.J. Wilson (eds.), The States of South Asia, London and New York

1982                 ‘The electoral process amid awakening and decay:  the Indian general election of 1980’ in Lyon and Manor (eds.), Transfer and...

1981                 ‘Party decay and political crisis in India’, The Washington Quarterly, summer

1981                 ‘Nehru remembered’, Seminar, May

1980                 ‘Pragmatic progressives in regional politics’, Economic and Political Weekly, annual number

1979                 ‘Language, religion and political identity in Karnataka’ in D.D. Taylor and M.E. Yapp (eds.), Political Identity in South Asia, London

1979                 ‘A new political order for Sri Lanka’, The World Today, September

1978                 ‘The failure of political integration in Sri Lanka’, Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, November

1978                 ‘Where Congress survived:  Five states in the Indian general election of 1977’, Asian Survey, August

1977                 ‘Gandhi an politics and the challenge to princely authority in Mysore’ in D.A. Low (ed.), Congress and the Raj, Facets of the Indian Struggle, London

1977                 ‘Structural change in Karnataka politics’, Economic and Political Weekly, 29 October

1977                 ‘Caste associations in South India:  A comparative analysis’ (with D. Arnold and R. Jeffrey), Indian Economic and Social History Review

1977                 ‘The lesser leader amid political transformation:  the congress in Mysore in 1941 and 1951’ in W.H. Morris-Jones (ed.), The Making of Politicians:  Studies from Africa and Asia, London

1976                                  ‘The evolution of political arenas and units of social organization’ in M.N. Srinivas (ed.), Dimensions of Social Change in India, Delhi




 I have worked as a consultant for the Ford Foundation (four times), the World Bank (thrice), The Swedish International Development Agency (four times), the United Nations Capital Development Fund (twice), the United Nations Development Programme, the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Irish Aid, SNV (a Dutch non-governmental development organization), GTZ (the German aid agency), the Norwegian aid agency, the British Department for International Development, the World Economic Forum and the OECD.  I have acted as an advisor (on democratic decentralization) to the governments of Bangladesh, Colombia and Zambia, and (on an array of governance and development issues) to the Prime Minister’s Office in India, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the British Council, and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office.  I have been a member of the Boards of Trustees the International Records Management Trust, and the Institutes of Commonwealth and of Latin American Studies, University of London.  I sit on the editorial boards of four journals in Brtian, the U.S. and India.  Since 1994, I have been a Senior Associate of Cambridge Energy Research Associates in Boston, specializing in governance and the energy sector in South Asia.  In the mid-1990s, I worked with the Secretary-General of Amnesty International to establish a joint AI/University of London Master of Arts