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  • Information technology diffusion in Estonia and Slovenia: Lessons for other Central and Eastern European countries

    The goal of the project is to explore political and economic factors that have encouraged and discouraged information technology diffusion in Estonia and Slovenia; offer insights into Estonian and Slovenian information and communication technology (ICT) development and devise recommendations for the successful diffusion and utilization of ICT in other Central and Eastern European countries; and write a research and policy paper for relevant government agencies including the Ministries of Information Technology and Communication and the Ministries of Finance and Economy and CEE private sector institutions (foundations, research institutes) involved in issues of information technology diffusion. Read more
  • Informed citizenry, accountable government and effective management of oil resources

    The objectives of the project are to develop policy suggestions on how to involve local governance institutions into the management of oil revenues and expenditures in Azerbaijan and write policy study and research paper for the Azerbaijan Parliament Commission on Regional Governance and Azerbaijan Secretariat of the State Programme on Poverty Reduction and Economic Development. Read more
  • Institutionalizing ethnicity in the western Balkans: Building inclusive institutions in multinational states

    The project goals are to evaluate existing institutions in the countries of former Yugoslavia seeking to include the participation of different ethnic groups; identify best cases of functional institutions for including ethnic diversity; and write a research paper and two policy papers on conflict resolution in Southeastern Europe, one for international decision-makers including officials at the Balkan desks in the foreign ministries or other units charged with Balkan policymaking (i.e. the planning division/ "Planungsstab" of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and member countries of the European Union as well as foreign policy structures of the EU itself (i.e. the Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management Unit in the GD RELEX of the European Commission); and the second paper for policymakers at the respective ministries (i.e. the Ministry for European Integration in Bosnia, OHR in Bosnia, the Ministry for National and Ethnic Communities in Yugoslavia and Montenegro) and policy advisors in the countries under study (i.e. the Kiro-Gligorov Foundation in Macedonia). Read more
  • Integrating Humanities: From self-isolation to community outreach

    The objectives of the project are to facilitate joint activities for PhD students of Humanities and Social Sciences in Latvia by organizing four seminars on current social and political issues; produce a study on the state of community outreach activities at Humanities faculties in Latvia and Estonia identifying problems and best practice in the area, based on a series of interviews at Humanities departments of major universities of the two countries; and write a policy study offering recommendations on increasing social engagement of the Humanities in the future for the Humanities departments. Read more
  • Intellectual property and the internet in Central Asia

    The objectives of the project are to analyze the possibility of utilizing open source software to promote intellectual property rights and overcome information and communication technology (ICT) piracy levels in the Central Asian region; devise recommendations for ministries of communication, parliaments, civil society and academic communities in Central Asian countries; develop policy recommendations promoting ICT as an enabler of development; and write a research and policy paper for ICT policy regulators in each country such as the Ministry of Communication, ICT Panel, and Internet stakeholders in the region. Read more
  • Intellectual property, public domain, and alternative compensation systems in transitional contexts

    The objectives of the project are to examine the impact of global intellectual property (IP) regimes on the declining social importance of public domain; analyze the current transitional status of intellectual property regulation; map the emerging ideas, practices, and initiatives resisting the dominant IP regime with alternative voluntary compensation systems; and write a research and policy paper for the "Strategy for the Development of Civil Society in Croatia" project and the associated new public foundation supporting civil society development in Croatia. Read more
  • Internally displaced persons (IDP) and non-IDP populations in Georgia: An evaluation of fairness in health financing

    The aims of the project are to measure the fairness of health financing among internally displaced persons (IDP) and non-IDP populations residing in the Samegrelo Region of Western Georgia; examine selected households' contributions to the health system through taxes, social insurance, private insurance and out-of-pocket payments in relation to their capacity to pay; analyze the success of health financing reforms in Georgia since 1997 in achieving greater fairness; and produce a policy paper and elaborate specific recommendations for the Georgian Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs and various policy making agencies and stakeholders. Read more
  • International institutions and the globalization of Russian regions

    The objectives of the project are to analyze the roles played by foreign institutions (non-governmental organizations, foundations, individual companies, etc.) in transforming Russian regions into global actors; assess major international assistance programs implemented in regions of the Volga Federal District; and write a research and policy paper for local government bodies including the government of the Nizhny Novgorod region, the administration of the presidential representative of the Volga Federal District, the Nizhny Novgorod City Council and Nizhny Novgorod Public Chamber, and international institutions including USAID, the IMF, the British Council, IREX and the Eurasia Foundation. Read more
  • International migration law in Central and Eastern Europe: The Schengen treaty and EU accession

    The objectives of the project are to analyze the role of non-governmental organizations in managing migration in the countries of Poland, Hungary, and Ukraine; propose strategies for improved cooperation between governmental, non-governmental and international institutions that deal with forced migrants in these countries; and develop a policy paper in the field of law/human rights and minorities. Read more
  • Internet privacy and freedom of expression

    The objectives of the project are to provide a comparative description of problems of privacy and content regulation on the Internet; devise proposals for legal means to effectively address these problems without threatening civil liberties; and write policy papers in the field of information policy for the Internet Provider's Association for Self-Regulation, alternatives to current legislation for the Ministry of Economic Affairs, and an expert opinion to the data protection ombudsman. Read more
  • Islam as a factor in the design of a European Neighborhood Policy in the Balkans

    The objectives of the project are to conduct policy-relevant research on Islam and the manifestation of Muslim identity(-ies) in the public sphere (in the Balkans but with reference to the processes in the Middle East and within the broader context of the European Union); devise an analytically rigorous policy instrument to serve as a means for making non-ideological/objective distinctions between the two "faces" of Islam: the moderate Islamic social engagement of mainstream pragmatic Muslims and radical/violent Islamic politicalactivism; outline possible ways and the extent to which Islam should play a role as a factor in the design of a new neighborhood policy in the Balkans from the perspective of Bulgaria as EU member by identifying and proposing new secular mechanisms for working through religion in the process of policy design rather than by passing religion as traditional secular approaches suggest; contribute to the preparation of Bulgaria's Middle East policy to better address the challenges of the country's new role as an EU member and its geopolitical location in the Balkans by analyzing EU mechanisms of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) in comparison with U.S. Middle East policies; and write a research paper and policy study with recommendations for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the role of Islam in the design of the new neighborhood policy in the Balkans. Read more
  • Islamic identity and rethinking the "Western Question" in Turkey

    The project aims to contribute to the debate on the relationship between Islam and the West by focusing on a unique Islamic political movement in Turkey associated with the Pro-Islamic Virtue Party; examine possibilities for the coexistence of Islam and Western institutions as well as democratic/liberal values; study the attitudes of the Islamists in Turkey towards the West and Western values and recent signs of changes in the policies of pro-Islamic political parties concerning the West, westernization, democracy, human rights, globalization and the European Union; and develop a policy paper in the area of globalization and Islam. Read more
  • Islamic minority children education in the Balkans: Overcoming the cultural gap

    The objectives of the project are to identify the relative importance of key factors responsible for the alienation of Islamic minority children in Balkan schools; conduct a sociological survey with Islamic minority students and their teachers to identify the relative importance of factors such as religion, ethnicity, language, traditional vs. modern mentality, nationalistic antagonisms, etc. causing such alienation; and develop a policy paper in the field of minority education policy and Islam. Read more
  • Islam in the Russian and Tatar mass media: Devising media policies promoting interconfessional tolerance

    The objectives of the project are to examine the influence of the Russian and Tatarstan mass media on interconfessional tolerance; organize the seminar "Islam and the Mass Media: Perspectives and Interconnections"; prepare course material on the role of mass media in building interconfessional tolerance to be included into sociology courses for social workers at Kazan State Medical University and offer suggestions for similar course modifications in university courses for sociologists and journalists at Kazan State University; and write a research and policy paper for the Religious Affair Council of Tatarstan, Moslem Church Authority of Russia and Tatarstan, the Ministry of Mass Media, and information agencies of Tatarstan. Read more
  • Kaliningrad's future: Pilot region or exclave?

    The aim of the project is to examine the role of cross-border cooperation in solving the Kaliningrad problem and integrating this Russian enclave into a single European economic and legal space; study the research issue in the context of the EU's Northern Dimension Initiative; and write a research and policy paper in the field of cross-border cooperation for the European Commission, European Parliament, Nordic Council and Council of Baltic Sea States. Read more
  • Kosovo higher education reform: A capacity building approach

    The project aims to assess the current and near future capacity for higher education reforms in Kosovo by conducting surveys at the University of Pristina, mapping and analyzing the present situation and readiness for change, proposing strategies for implementing reforms, consulting with Fellows from other countries regarding longer term goals of higher education reforms, and developing a policy paper in the field of higher education. Read more
  • Labor relations in East Central Europe: Transformative corporatism or tripartite fa├žade?

    The aims of the project are to test the applicability of various European models of labor relations in East Central Europe in the context of European Union enlargement, propose recommendations for bringing East Central European policy making on issues of labor relations closer to that described by corporatist models of labor policy, and develop a policy paper focusing on labor policy strategies in the context of EU enlargement. Read more
  • Lack of transparency and freedom of information in Pakistan

    The objectives of the project are to conduct research into state practice in Pakistan related to existing mechanisms of secrecy and information disclosure; conduct interviews with officials and civic groups and analyze the nature and intensity of info access attributable to a non-transparent secretive system of governance; and write a research paper and policy study, including realistic policy recommendations for all the relevant stakeholders including government officials, legislators, judges and civic groups. Read more
  • Land privatization and development in Ukraine: An electronic networking system

    The objectives of the project are to develop a policy paper in the field of economics/management education, and establish a network database system which will provide detailed assistance, knowledge and resources encouraging the implementation of land development and privatization in the Kharkov region of Ukraine. Read more
  • Land reform and economic development in rural Kazakhstan

    The objectives of the project are to review the process of land reform in Kazakhstan; assess the possible impact of the introduction of private land ownership on the economic development of rural areas and the expected benefits for the rural population; prepare alternative policy scenarios; and write a research and policy paper for the relevant bodies of the Government of Kazakhstan working with the Asian Development Bank in lending to rural sectors through technical assistance projects. Read more
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