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  • Palliative care for Slovenia: A model for classification and payment

    The objectives of the project are to test a strategic model for the implementation of organized palliative care in the Slovene health care system; identify, educate and coordinate palliative care teams in various settings to test the modified clinical pathway model together with the model of classifying systems for payment purposes; and write and present a research and policy paper for the Ministry of Health and all the health care authorities dealing with palliative care including hospitals, primary care facilities and nursing homes. Read more
  • Palliative care for the elderly: An analysis of needs and resources in Croatia

    The objectives of the project are to estimate the number of terminally ill in the Croatian population; define the providers of health care services for terminally ill patients (in hospitals, homes for the aged, home care, etc.); develop a plan for a pilot project in Croatia focusing on terminally ill patients at the local community level; and write a research and policy paper for several targeted organizations including the Croatian Medical Association, the Ministry of Health, the Croatian Society for Hospice/Palliative Care, the Croatian Society for Social Workers, Croatian universities (the Medical Faculty, Faculty of Law and Social Work), gerontology centers and homes for the aged. Read more
  • Participation of women in Kazakh democratic institutions

    The objectives of the project are to compare gender policies in countries with different political regimes; design recommendations for the government of Kazakhstan on how to increase the number of women in decision-making positions, particularly in Parliament and representative bodies of government at the national and local levels; promote the findings and how they may be used among rural women leaders; and develop a policy paper in the field of gender policy. Read more
  • Patients' rights as a policy issue in Southeast Europe

    The objectives of the project are to analyze patients' rights policies and the level and quality of their implementation; develop policy recommendations promoting patients' rights for the Roma population as an enabler of development for the ministries of health, medical associations, parliaments, civil society and academic communities; and write a research paper and policy study for the Ministry of Health, Doctors' Chamber, Roma non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders in the region.

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  • Pension reform: An East-West comparison

    The objectives of the project are to systematically compare the politics of pension reform policymaking in Eastern Europe and Western Europe/North America; identify and explain the factors that facilitate or hamper the successful implementation of politically controversial pension reform; and write research and policy paper for the governments involved in reform of their public pension systems. Read more
  • Perceiving silence: Information access, public awareness and the integration of the deaf in Hungary

    The objectives of the project are to conduct research on the deaf community in Hungary; create a Deafness Information Database (DID) containing adequate information on many D/deafness-related issues; organize the two-day conference "Deafness in Hungary: Obstacles and Future Perspectives" with the participation of the Deaf Association and other non-governmental organizations including the Open Society Institute and the Soros Foundation-Hungary as well as deaf educators, sign interpreters, policymakers, and representatives of the government and media; and write a research and policy paper for the Hungarian Deaf Association and the National Disability Affairs Council of the Hungarian government. Read more
  • Personalized representation as an election reform goal

    The objectives of the project are to review in a systematic way current proposals regarding the reform of party list-based proportional representation toward a more personalized system in Romania and Serbia, and compare them with similar proposals in other postcommunist countries (especially Moldova, Poland and Albania) and elsewhere (Italy, South Africa, Ecuador, Indonesia); compare the technical alternatives considered and those absent from the policy debate; update the postcommunist election law and results database (www.essex.ac.uk/elections); develop policy recommendations for institutional reform and the appropriate use of the available knowledge base regarding electoral systems; and write a research and policy paper for such international organizations as IDEA, IFES and OSCE, which are involved in or have the capacity to provide expertise to political parties and government officials. Read more
  • Pharmaceutical policy in Armenia: Promoting transparency and accountability

    The objectives of the project are to expand previous research results regarding the development of pharmaceutical policy in Armenia by exploring the issues of transparency and accountability; provide further argumentation for policy makers to consider the approval of a National Pharmaceutical Policy Implementation plan; assess the lack of good governance in the pharmaceutical sector of Armenia and several other Newly Independent States; develop transparency and accountability mechanisms for each specific pharmaceutical sector area where relevant; provide policy recommendations on promoting transparency and accountability; develop special curricula for the post-graduate education of pharmacists; and write research and policy study including policy recommendations for Armenian policy makers. Read more
  • Policy and practice affecting East Central European homosexuals: An analysis of government policies and NGO strategies

    The objectives of the project are to build on research conducted in 1999 on state policies toward homosexuals in Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic by extending this research to include Slovenia, Romania, and Poland; compare strategies of homosexual advocacy groups in these countries; and develop a policy paper in the field of law/human rights and minorities. Read more
  • Policymaking process in modern Kazakhstan

    The objectives of the project are to study the policy formation and policy decision-making process in modern Kazakhstan; describe its main actors, stages, procedures, and inter-relationships; contribute to advancing understanding of the policy decision-making process within the local policy community; and write a research and policy paper for the Center for International Affairs and Analysis, Public Policy Research Center, Institute of Philosophy and Political Science, Institute for Social Research, Department of Political Science of the Kazak State University, Department of Political Science of Almaty State University, and the "Strategy" Center for Political Studies. Read more
  • Policy reform in Romania: The learning government

    The objective of the project is to assess efforts to improve the policymaking process and their actual impact on governmental reform in Romania; utilize examples and hypotheses, previously tested in the region and other transition countries; to identify strong and weak aspects of policy reform impact, with a focus on the activities of international organizations and development donors; and write a research paper and policy study with recommendations for the Central Government (General Secretariat of the Government and the Chancellery of the Prime Minister) and donors such as the World Bank, European Commission, DFID, UNDP, etc. Read more
  • Polish higher education in transition: The identity crisis of the modern institution of the university

    The objective of the research is to provide a philosophical and theoretical background for the reform of higher education in Poland and Central Europe with respect to the decline of the traditional, modern institution of the university; explain the decline of the cultural project of modernity and that of the nation-state; discuss and propose foundations for grounding the reformed university within the current social, political and economic climate of globalization; and develop a policy paper in the field of higher education. Read more
  • Political institutions and public policies in Ukraine and Russia: The effect of institutional choices on legislative decision-making

    The objectives of the project are to analyze the policy implications of adopting a semi-presidential institutional framework in Ukraine and Russia, write a number of research papers on the effects of political institution structure on the character of legislative decision-making and the quality of legislative output in major policy areas, and write a policy paper for parliamentary committees responsible for institutional reform and legal development in the respective countries with recommendations for rationalizing the organization as well as the powers of legislative and executive institutions. Read more
  • Politics of health care reform in Eastern Europe and the role of supranational organizations

    The aim of the project is to describe, explain and interpret the development of CEE health care systems comparing the aims of initial policies with achieved outcomes; assess the influence of both internal and external political actors and institutions on health care reforms; compare two countries in the CEE region to draw policy lessons for future health care reforms; and produce a policy paper for the Economic Research Institute of the Republic of Belarus Ministry of Economy and the World Bank Representative Office in Belarus. Read more
  • Politics of pension retrenchment in transitional regimes: Comparative institutional analysis of Russia, Romania and Latvia

    The aims of the project are to examine the influence of various political institutions on the capacities of governments to cut public pension spending in accession and nonaccession countries, identify strategies to help policy makers cut pension spending with limited political costs, highlight the importance of negotiated policies and inclusive politics in managing the fiscal imbalance of public pension systems in transitional regimes with different political institutions, and develop a policy paper focusing on pension retrenchment in the context of European Union integration and globalization. Read more
  • Poverty reduction in the CEE/CIS region: A comparative evaluation

    The objectives of the project are to analyze poverty reduction strategies in the CEE/CIS region; conduct a comparative evaluation of various poverty measurement systems, particularly those currently used in the region, as well as regional poverty reduction policies; assess the degree of participation of various stakeholders in poverty reduction; and write research and policy paper for the World Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy team and its counterparts in CEE/CIS countries, mainly Ministries of Social Welfare and Ministries of Economy, as well as UNDP, IMF and WB local offices in these countries. Read more
  • Press freedom and media policy in Hungary

    The aim of the project is to analyze the new government's media policy in Hungary and the strategies of journalists and leading intellectuals of how best to defend journalistic autonomy, devise strategies to enhance press freedom, and develop a policy paper in the field of media.  Read more
  • Primary and secondary education reform policy in Azerbaijan

    The objectives of the project are to investigate corruption issues in the education system of Azerbaijan; explore issues of equity and quality in primary and secondary education; analyze crises in public financing relevant to primary and secondary education; and develop a research and policy paper in the field of education with action-oriented recommendations for the Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan and the World Bank. Read more
  • Primary healthcare in Georgia and the harmonization of international donor assistance: Hopes, expectations and realities

    The objectives of the project are to identify provisions for the effective coordination of international development assistance targeting the reform of the Georgian health sector; explore the regulations of donor agencies (World Bank, DFID, EU Tacis, USAID) and government institutions (Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs) with regard to aid harmonization; identify the mechanisms used for aid coordination and observe their development from the initial stage throughout the implementation of the Primary Health Care project; evaluate the impact of these arrangements on project successes; and write a research and policy paper for the above mentioned donor agencies and government institutions in Georgia. Read more
  • Private television empires in Central Europe and freedom of expression: Comparative analysis of Poland and Slovakia

    The objectives of the project are to compare western private mass media standards and analyze their applicability in Central Europe; conduct a comparative analysis of the institutional arrangements and political culture of Polish and Slovak private mass media; and write a research and policy paper on new media regulations in Central Europe for Polish and Slovak media policymakers and independent media organizations. Read more
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