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  • Tereskinas, Arturas. 2002: Ethnic and sexual minorities

    Ethnic and sexual minorities in the Lithuanian mass media: images and issues

    Ethnocentrism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and homophobia remain the crucial problems in the public sphere in Lithuania. The Lithuanian media still tend to perpetuate discrimination and hostility against ethnic and sexual minorities. Minority groups share relative invisibility and one-sided stereotypical representations. By not paying nearly enough attention to ethnic and sexual minorities in the everyday situations, the Lithuanian press and television participate in their marginalization.
    This paper describes how the Lithuanian mass media represent ethnic and sexual minorities. It proposes policy-oriented recommendations on how to change popular media representations of ethnic and sexual groups.
  • Tarkhan-Mouravi, George. 2002: A "realistic" approach to regional security in the South Caucasus

    The geographical positioning of the Caucuses between Europe and potential zones of instability makes it important to the international community that, after decades of isolation and post September 11, the region should integrate itself into the International Community and develop more global and regional policies. However, the region is suffering from its own form of instability, division between the political elites, a general divide in society and a prevailing mistrust of those who govern them. Poverty is also widespread. The author argues that progress, albeit slow, is being made however.
  • Shakarishvili, George. 2002: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) experience in CEE region

    Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) experience in Central-Eastern European region

    The paper is pointed out on the weaknesses in existing institutional capacity (and political processes) and the challenge of turning strategies into clear priorities and actions that will reach poor people, are major worries in the PRSP process throughout the CEE region. It is also a concern that with the advent of the PRSP, other national strategies will need to be made consistent with it, if
    implementation is going to be successful. This may entail revising pre-existing strategies – if they are not poverty focused – or improving and revising the PRSP and its priority actions to be consistent with existing strategies.
  • Sakowicz, Marcin. 2002: Effective communication at the local level

    This paper emphasises the role of adequate information policy of local authorities in promoting social and economic development. And this article summarizes the content and the result of a research project carried out by the author in 2001/2002.
  • Ranchev, Georgi. 2002: "Free trade zone in Southeast Europe

    "Free trade zone in Southeast Europe: achieving genuine regional economic integration"

    Focusing on the ongoing trade liberalization in Southeast Europe (SEE), this paper seeks to evaluate its impacts and prospective implications for participating economies, identifies obstacles, and draws insights from similar projects in European context. Trade liberalization may have ambiguous effects, helping boost economy but at the same time increasing pressures of external competition. While liberalizing their external trade, countries of the SEE are simultaneously aiming at economic stabilization. Lack of infrastructure, low purchasing power of consumers, as well as political instability, are among the factors hindering further liberalization.
  • Pidluska, Inna. 2002: Borderland or neighbour

    Borderland or neighbour: policies for EU-Ukraine cooperation in justice and home affairs

    The reports on the progress of the 12 candidate states towards accession, presented by the European Commission on November 13, 2001, indicated that all of them except Romania and Bulgaria are on track for completing accession negotiations in 2002 and would be consequently able to join the EU in 2004. Hence, Ukraine and the EU have no more than two years to craft policies that would prevent the substitution of the Berlin Wall with the “Schengen Wall”.
  • Myagmar, Munkhmandakh. 2002: Transformation of the Mongolian electronic media

    Transformation of the Mongolian electronic media: prospects of public broadcasting in a dual system

    Due to the power of the electronic media and its immense potential to influence attitudes, there is a real need to regulate both public service and private broadcasts. This paper describes the background, which led to the passing, in August 1998, of “The law on Freedom of the Press”, noting that, between 1990 and 2002, around ten statutes and bills had been submitted in the attempt to transform the Mongolian broadcasting system. The debate on this transformation involved foreign experts, national NGOs, international donor organisations and journalists.
  • Milovanovic, Milic. 2002: Combating endogenous corruption in privatized companies

    This paper advocates a policy against the new forms of corruption developed in the post-privatization period. Anti-corruption strategy is based on the model of emerging industrial relations in post communist countries (see the research paper). The proposed course of action will suggest certain public policies in order to enhance economic efficiency, and to diminish welfare loss due to corruption, and it will turn out to be at odds with classical anti-corruption approach.
  • Melikidze, Valerian. 2002: Role of the formal decision making

    Role of the formal decision making in emerging of the "new corruption" in a school education in transitional societies (case of Georgia)

    The generally accepted definition of corruption may be formulated as the abuse of pubic office for private gain.1 Whatever happens in Georgian public school system today does not entirely fit this or other “corruption” definitions. In reality we deal
    with some kind of shadow financing emerging as a result of conflict of interests between formally accepted ideas of organization and financing of school education and objective necessities of its development.
  • Marusov, Andriy. 2002: Information policy of the Ukrainian state: the case of agrarian and land reforms

    The research undertaken is based upon the communication model describing the communication space related to the agrarian and land reform in Ukraine. The detailed description of the model will be given in the final report. Here, it is enough to provide the sketch of the analytical framework.
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