"We are all, and me especially, are responsible for everything
and for everyone."
have a unique role to play in human reproduction. Meanwhile, the major
burden of death and disability relating to sexuality and reproduction
falls on women. In developing countries, among women of reproductive age
over 36% of healthy years of life are lost due to three conditions related
to sex and reproduction: maternal mortality and morbidity, sexually
transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS (World Bank, World Development Report, 1993:
Investing in Health).
health is not primarily a medical mater. To avoid preventable deaths and
to ensure healthy lives to women and their families is a profound
challenge. First, clear understanding should be made as to which aspects
are covered by the public health sector and which aspects are components
of the human rights.
have reproductive rights, which encompass a broad range of political,
economic, social and cultural rights already recognized in national laws,
international human rights and consensus documents.
international conferences- 4th World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995),
the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development
(ICPD, Cairo, 1994) and the World Conference on Human Rights (Vienna,
1993)- marked a key decade in advancing the provisions in existing human
rights treaties and women's reproductive rights.
nine years from ICPD, the objectives of the Cairo Programme of Action are
a long way from being realized in Armenia. Despite acknowledgement of
prioritizing reproductive health, the application of human rights to
reproductive health in Armenia is embryonic. The
lack of stable reproductive rights
strategies, lack of awareness of the rights and lack of
appropriate human rights enforcement mechanisms
have affected women’s health status, their role and
standing in society.
stage there is a need to increase awareness about these issues and to
ensure that the specific reality of women's reproductive rights in Armenia
receives the highest attention and is treated with adequate priority on
national agenda not only on the law-making but also enforcement level.