Field of Research: Primary and Secondary
Research Topic: Issues
of Equity, Increased Drop-out rate in education system in Azerbaijan
This project aims at addressing the main current issues of concern in
primary and secondary education system of Azerbaijan, such as issues of
equity in education,
increasing rate of drop-outs; provide policy recommendations following
a research-based evidence. The research results are summarised in the research
paper available from http://www.policy.hu/baimova/index.html
Summary of Recommendations for consideration
The following steps are recommended as a starting point for dealing
with the problems:
Gather Information. First of all, the dimensions of the problem should
be documented, new enrolment rates need to be examined carefully and a
household survey to estimate the extent of drop-outs should be conducted.
Create Awareness - Information campaign among policy makers, educators
and service providers at all levels of the system to bring the problem
of drop-outs to their attention and urge them to think over the steps they
can take to overcome the problems; Media campaign to create awareness.
Develop a plan of action to deal with problems. Organise a special department/agency
to deal with the problem, including representatives from all levels of
the education and youth/sports NGOs, communities etc.
Train actors at the different levels of the system and develop targeted
programs, where children who have dropped out of school for several years
can complete their schooling. Develop school programs to accommodate the
needs of working children, to develop homes to meet demand of street children.
Education Spending - The Government should assess the incidence of public
education spending to examine the extent to which it is biased against
the poor and introduce methods to redress imbalances.
Improve the quality of education -The Government should assess the sustainability
of current teacher/student ratios and the need to increase average levels
of teacher pay in the public system. At a minimum, teach/student ratios
should not be allowed to increase in coming years, and the objective should
be to reduce them.
Increase standards in Education - The Ministry of Education should take
a stronger oversight role in ensuring that enrollment levels and quality
are maintained at a minimum standard in all regions.
The provision of adequate classrooms and teachers in accessible schools
is an important condition for universal education, but other, complementary
measures are necessary to ensure that all children actually attend school.
Parents need to be encouraged and convinced to send their children to school
and compulsory education laws need to be enforced. The same should be done
with child labour laws.
Incentives to increase children participation in education -distribution
of school meals to the refugee children or very poor children can be a
strong incentive for them to enrol and attend regularly. School feeding
programmes could become an effective way to involve parents in school affairs
and improve school-community relations. When parents are motivated and
involved in school life, the education of their children benefits. This
practice is in practice in most countries and could be sponsored either
by food aid organisations or by using local resources.
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